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14b A polar reality

Görres’ perception of democracy was influenced by an idea of polarity. It means the relation between two contrary, interacting and interdependent powers or entities. Görres who lectured physics in his youth knew that the existence of poles was necessary to release useful powers. He wanted to merge these different powers leading not to destruction but to the creation of kinetic energy. Due to this ideology he referred to the different concepts of his time: the logical reasoning of enlightenment, the enthusiasm of romanticism, the religious heritage and freedom of belief, the Reformation and Catholicism, the social contract and the republic of people, the Christian community and the national group membership, the community of citizens and feudalism, young and old people, theology and modern science, the hope for unity and loyalty to the royal house. The fact that Görres accepted all of these aspects – as long as they were non-violent and humane – shows his deep democratic awareness. The idea of the antagonism of forces could be born out of his interest in the Asian cultural area. Based on the highest principle of the cosmos (Tai Chi) ultimately all things of the world are arranged in harmony as long as the seeming opposites derive from the same origin.