6a Napoleon's policy

After the victories that were captured against inner and outer enemies, violence seemed no longer to be expedient. Robespierre was classified a dictator who only pursued the increase of his power. Resistance was arising in the Convent which led to the deposition of Robespierre on August 27th 1794. The moderate powers were able to assert themselves and the state sanctions which implemented a controlled economy were unmade. But still it was uncertain in which way the republic was to be governed from now on. Napoleon’s coup was the consequent answer to the weakness of the Directory. The reign of Napoleon was supported by the upper classes that remained unaffected in their economic power. The army which was the second base of power was led to fruitful victories on Europe’s battlefield. In Görres’ opinion Napoleon’s takeover was the final failure of the Revolution. Envy and mistrust have been disturbing the establishment of a democratic order in the days of terror, the maxim of violence has taken hold. Napoleon’s power was based on the same principle: By inflaming the people he gained the upper hand and the inner problems were covered. The struggle for the establishment of a republic was defamed as verbiage. Napoleon regarded the politicians as «disunited tattlers» who grabbed the «highest power». The regime he built with his own hands can only be sustained by fear and terror.