Deutsch

5b No system created of violence

The rigid policy that proved of value in times of crisis was to be continued. The sans-culottes agitated the masses which led to the occupation of the Convention in September 1793. The Convention felt impelled to give in to the sansculottes’ demands and emphasized the necessity of a «revolutionary terror» to secure the state: The Committee of Public Safety established the maximum legal prices of grain what made the peasants sell their goods below value. The right of ownership was curtailed, expropriations were made. The tribunals set off to begin their cataclysmic work. They convicted the «Feulliants» in the first phase and later the members of the middle-class – the «Girondists». The liberal interests culminated in the self-confidence of the citizens who were not about to support the sanctions. After the dangers were put down successfully, a radical agitation was no longer appropriate, but the desire for a consequent equalization caused the Committee of Public Safety, chaired by the advocate Robespierre, to continue the violent policy. Remaining in power and self-assurance were the primary maxim of action. The political conviction of the involved was secondary. The government liquidated opponents whose opinions were radical-democratic («Cordeliers») and liberal. A failed assault on Robespierre gave reason to intensify the terror between 10th June and 27th August in 1794.