1a A word's power

After the Thirty Years’ War an impoverishment of the majority of the population in Central Europe has taken place. In comparison to the economical developments of Western Europe there was a certain backwardness in the German-speaking area. The combination of enlightenment and absolutism was boosted by means of economical reasons. Analytic processes made it possible to order the current status and to induce rationalization: The result was centralization, hierarchization and codification which entailed the estates to become less important. It made sense to choose educated social climbers who did not originate from the nobility to make those changes. They were not interested in power politics and therefore could improve the public well-being. The integration and maintenance of an educated elite in administration, economy and clergy was contradictory to the traditional system which was based upon allegiance. The trust of the educated people could only be gained by rational persuasive power. Considering this it is not surprising that rulers published a lot of writings to demonstrate their successful reform to the increasingly enlightened people. The regents were part of the politization and the formation of a public opinion: The educated elite could read and correspond and was therefore fully convinced of their importance. This group was characterized by two attributes: 1. The acceptance of the principles of education and achievement and 2. the experience that language can be used effectively to form a society.